How to enable PHP short tags?

852

I have a web application on a Linux server which starts with<?

I needed to copy this application to a windows environment and everything is working fine except that an SQL statement is being rendered differently. I don't know if this has to do with the script beginning with<?php instead of<? because I don't know from where to enable the<? from thePHP.ini so I changed it to<?php

I know that these 2 statements are supposed to mean the same but I need to test it with<? in order to ensure that the application is exactly the same. This way I can eliminate another possibility.

Thanks

40

Answer

Solution:

Set

short_open_tag=On

in php.ini

And restart your Apache server.

684

Answer

Solution:

This can be done by enabling short_open_tag in php.ini:

short_open_tag = on

If you don't have access to the php.ini you can try to enable them trough the .htaccess file but it's possible the hosting company disabled this if you are on shared hosting:

php_value short_open_tag 1

For the people thinking that short_open_tags are bad practice as of php 5.4 the<?= ... ?> shorttag will supported everywhere, regardless of the settings so there is no reason not to use them if you can control the settings on the server. Also said in this link: short_open_tag

884

Answer

Solution:

This can be done by enabling short_open_tag in php.ini:

1.To locate php.ini file,on comment line execute

 php --ini

you will get some thing like this,

Configuration File (php.ini) Path: /etc
Loaded Configuration File:         /etc/php.ini
Scan for additional .ini files in: /etc/php.d
Additional .ini files parsed:      /etc/php.d/curl.ini,
/etc/php.d/fileinfo.ini,
/etc/php.d/gd.ini,
/etc/php.d/json.ini,
/etc/php.d/mcrypt.ini,
/etc/php.d/mysql.ini,
/etc/php.d/mysqli.ini,
/etc/php.d/pdo.ini,
/etc/php.d/pdo_mysql.ini,
/etc/php.d/pdo_sqlite.ini,
/etc/php.d/phar.ini,
/etc/php.d/sqlite3.ini,
/etc/php.d/zip.ini

See 2nd line from the comment output.The file will be in the mentioned path.

2.Open php.ini file and findshort_open_tag. By default it is inoff change it toon.

3.Restart the server,execute this comment

service httpd restart

Thanks

370

Answer

Solution:

To set short tags to open from a Vagrant install script on Ubuntu:

sed -i "s/short_open_tag = .*/short_open_tag = On/" /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini
520

Answer

Solution:

I can see all answers above are partially correct only. In reality all 21st Century PHP apps will have FastCGI Process Manager(php-fpm) so once you have added php-info() into your test.php script and checked the correct path for php.ini

Go to php.ini and set short_open_tag = On

IMPORTANT: then you must restart your php-fpm process so this can work!

sudo service php-fpm restart

and then finally restart your nginx/http server

sudo service nginx restart
402

Answer

Solution:

you need to turn on short_open_tags.

short_open_tag = On
589

Answer

Solution:

As simple, as that, follow the following steps:

  1. Go tophp.ini file
  2. Findshort_open_tag and set it toon

    short_open_tag = On
    
  3. Restart the server

282

Answer

Solution:

In CentOS 6(tested on Centos 7 too) you can't set short_open_tag in /etc/php.ini for php-fpm. You will have error:

ERROR: [/etc/php.ini:159] unknown entry 'short_open_tag'
ERROR: Unable to include /etc/php.ini from /etc/php-fpm.conf at line 159
ERROR: failed to load configuration file '/etc/php-fpm.conf'
ERROR: FPM initialization failed

You must edit config for your site, which can found in /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf And write at end of file:

php_value[short_open_tag] =  On
972

Answer

Solution:

If you are usingUbuntu withApache+php5, then on current versions there are 2 places where you need to change toshort_open_tag = On

  1. /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini - this is for the pages loaded through your web server (Apache)
  2. /etc/php5/cli/php.ini - this configuration is used when you launch your php files from command line, like:php yourscript.php - that goes for manually or cronjob executed php files directly on the server.
383

Answer

Solution:

if you edit your php.ini file, remember to restart your service (apache2, etc) for the edits to php.ini to take effect

97

Answer

Solution:

For Wamp Server users there is easier way: You may enable that setting simply (left) click once on the WampServer icon, choose PHP -> PHP settings -> short open tag. Wait for a second, then WampServer will automatically restart your PHP and also its web service.

originally from: http://osticket.com/forums/showthread.php?t=3149

966

Answer

Solution:

; Default Value: On
; Development Value: Off
; Production Value: Off
; http://php.net/short-open-tag
;short_open_tag=Off   <--Comment this out
; XAMPP for Linux is currently old fashioned
short_open_tag = On   <--Uncomment this
507

Answer

Solution:

You can follow the following steps:

1-> Go tophp.ini file inside/etc/php/7.3/apache2 or inside yourPHP version and

2-> Findshort_open_tag and set it toOn and removing; from starting.

short_open_tag = On

3-> Restart the server

sudo service apache2 restart
912

Answer

Solution:

if using xampp, you will notice the php.ini file has twice mentioned short_open_tag . Enable the second one to short_open_tag = On . The first one is commented out and you might be tempted to uncomment and edit it but it is over-ridden by a second short_open_tag

474

Answer

Solution:

If you are using xampp in windows then please do following

  1. Open XAMPP control panel.
  2. Click on CONFIG button.
  3. Go to PHP (php.ini) option.

Find short_open_tag using ctrl+f utility

You will found;short_open_tag

kindly remove the semicolon (;) from line.

and keep it asshort_open_tag = on

Finally, restart your Apache server

748

Answer

Solution:

sed -i "s/short_open_tag = .*/short_open_tag = On/" /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini

That works on php7.2 on ubuntu 16, same answer as above by Bradley Flood, although the directory in which the config file is stored has changed.

Also you can change the version in the php string to match your currently installed version.

312

Answer

Solution:

For docker add this step to Dockerfile

  ARG phpIniPath=/path/to/your/php.ini

  RUN sed -i -e 's/^short_open_tag\s*=.*/short_open_tag = On/' $phpIniPath  
868

Answer

Solution:

To enable short_open_tag for a particular domain with php-fpm, you must edit :

/etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/xxxxxxxxxx.conf

Where xxxxx is the socket number of the domain.

And add : php_value[short_open_tag] = On

248

Answer

Solution:

 short_open_tag = On

inphp.ini And restart your Apache Server.

991

Answer

Solution:

I'v Changed the short_open_tag Off to On on my aws centos 7 instance and php7(PHP 7.0.33 (cli) (built: Dec 6 2018 22:30:44) ( NTS )), but its not reflecting the php info page and the code. So I refer may docs and find a solution on my case. Add an extra line after the short_open_tag as asp_tags = On after that restart Apache It works on the code and I go the output correctly

php.ini file

engine = On

; This directive determines whether or not PHP will recognize code between
; <? and ?> tags as PHP source which should be processed as such. It is
; generally recommended that <?php and ?> should be used and that this feature
; should be disabled, as enabling it may result in issues when generating XML
; documents, however this remains supported for backward compatibility reasons.
; Note that this directive does not control the <?= shorthand tag, which can be
; used regardless of this directive. 
; Default Value: On   
; Development Value: Off     
; Production Value: Off  
; http://php.net/short-open-tag

short_open_tag = On

; Allow ASP-style <% %> tags   
; http://php.net/asp-tags
asp_tags = On
442

Answer

Solution:

Set theasp_tags = On andshort_open_tag = On in both the files\apache\Apache2.2.21\bin\php.ini and\bin\php\php5.3.8\php.ini and then restart the apache server.

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