php - How to access service container in symfony2 global helper function (service)?

318

This question started out with me not understanding why I couldn't pass variables to a symfony2 global helper function (service), but thanks to people brighter than I, I realized my error was about trying to use the security_context from within a class that didn't have it injected so...

This is the final result, the code that works. I found no better way of making this helpful to the comunity.

This is how you can get the user and other data from security_context from within a global function or helper function in symfony2.

I have the following class and function:

<?php
namespace BizTV\CommonBundle\Helper;

use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerInterface as Container;

class globalHelper {    

private $container;

public function __construct(Container $container) {
    $this->container = $container;
}   

    //This is a helper function that checks the permission on a single container
    public function hasAccess($container)
    {
        $user = $this->container->get('security.context')->getToken()->getUser();

        //do my stuff
    }     
}

...defined as a service (in app/config/config.yml) like this...

#Registering my global helper functions            
services:
  biztv.helper.globalHelper:
    class: BizTV\CommonBundle\Helper\globalHelper
    arguments: ['@service_container']

Now, in my controller I call on this function like this...

public function createAction($id) {

    //do some stuff, transform $id into $entity of my type...

    //Check if that container is within the company, and if user has access to it.
    $helper = $this->get('biztv.helper.globalHelper');
    $access = $helper->hasAccess($entity);
826

Answer

Solution:

I assume that the first error (undefined property) happened before you added the property and the constructor. Then you got the second error. This other error means that your constructor expects to receive a Container object but it received nothing. This is because when you defined your service, you did not tell the Dependency Injection manager that you wanted to get the container. Change your service definition to this:

services:
  biztv.helper.globalHelper:
    class: BizTV\CommonBundle\Helper\globalHelper
    arguments: ['@service_container']

The constructor should then expect an object of type Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerInterface;

use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerInterface as Container;

class globalHelper {    

    private $container;

    public function __construct(Container $container) {
        $this->container = $container;
    }
236

Answer

Solution:

An approach that always works, despite not being the best practice in OO

global $kernel;
$assetsManager = $kernel->getContainer()->get('acme_assets.assets_manager');‏
214

Answer

Solution:

Another option is to extend ContainerAware:

use Symfony\Component\DependencyInjection\ContainerAware;

class MyService extends ContainerAware
{
    ....
}

which allows you to callsetContainer in the service declaration:

foo.my_service:
    class: Foo\Bundle\Bar\Service\MyService
    calls:
        - [setContainer, [@service_container]]

You can then reference the container in your service like this:

$container = $this->container;
682

Answer

Solution:

Maybe it's not the best way but what I do is I pass container to the class so I have it every time I need it.

$helpers = new Helpers();
or
$helpers = new Helpers($this->container);

/* My Class */
class Helpers
{
    private $container;

    public function __construct($container = null) {
        $this->container = $container;
    }
    ...
}

Works every time for me.

180

Answer

Solution:

You should not inject theservice_container in your services. In your example you should rather inject the oldsecurity.context or the more recentsecurity.token_storage instead. See for example the "Avoiding your Code Becoming Dependent on the Container" section of http://symfony.com/doc/current/components/dependency_injection.html.

Ex:

<?php
namespace BizTV\CommonBundle\Helper;

use Symfony\Component\Security\Core\Authentication\Token\Storage\TokenStorage;

class globalHelper {    

    private $securityTokenStorage;

    public function __construct(TokenStorage $securityTokenStorage) {
        $this->securityTokenStorage= $securityTokenStorage;
    }   


    public function hasAccess($container)
    {
        $user = $this->securityTokenStorage->getToken()->getUser();

        //do my stuff
    }     
}

app/config/config.yml:

services:
  biztv.helper.globalHelper:
    class: BizTV\CommonBundle\Helper\globalHelper
    arguments: ['@security.token_storage']

Your controller:

public function createAction($id) {

    $helper = $this->get('biztv.helper.globalHelper');
    $access = $helper->hasAccess($entity);

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